# UNS C69400 Silicon Red Brass

C69400 brass is a brass formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the H04 (full hard) temper.

It has a moderately low thermal conductivity among wrought brasses. In addition, it has a moderately low electrical conductivity and a moderately low melting temperature.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare C69400 brass to: wrought brasses (top), all copper alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

110 *GPa* 16 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

17 *%*

Poisson's Ratio

0.33

Shear Modulus

42 *GPa* 6.1 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

350 *MPa* 51 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

570 *MPa* 83 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

270 *MPa* 40 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

260 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

170 *°C* 340 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

920 *°C* 1680 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

820 *°C* 1510 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

410 *J/kg-K* 0.1 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

26 *W/m-K* 15 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

18 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

6.2 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

6.7 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

27 *% relative*

Density

8.3 *g/cm ^{3}* 520

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

2.7 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

44 *MJ/kg* 19 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

300 *L/kg* 36 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

80 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

340 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

7.4 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

19 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

19 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

18 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

7.7 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

20 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Among wrought copper alloys, the composition of C69400 brass is notable for including silicon (Si). Silicon is used to increase strength at the expense of ductility. It also lowers the melting temperature and raises the fluidity of the alloy.

Cu | 80 to 83 | |

Zn | 11.5 to 16.5 | |

Si | 3.5 to 4.5 | |

Pb | 0 to 0.3 | |

Fe | 0 to 0.2 | |

res. | 0 to 0.5 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Similar Alloys

## Further Reading

ASTM B371: Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Silicon Alloy Rod

ASM Specialty Handbook: Copper and Copper Alloys, J. R. Davis (editor), 2001