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UNS S32506 Stainless Steel

S32506 stainless steel is a duplex stainless steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the annealed condition.

It has a moderately high thermal conductivity among wrought duplex stainless steels. In addition, it has a moderately low tensile strength and a moderately low ductility.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare S32506 stainless steel to: wrought duplex stainless steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

270

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

200 GPa 30 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

21 %

Fatigue Strength

330 MPa 47 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.27

Rockwell C Hardness

28

Shear Modulus

81 GPa 12 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

440 MPa 64 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

710 MPa 100 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

500 MPa 73 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

300 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Corrosion

450 °C 840 °F

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

1100 °C 2010 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1450 °C 2640 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1400 °C 2560 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

480 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

16 W/m-K 9.2 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

13 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.2 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

2.5 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

20 % relative

Density

7.8 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

3.9 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

54 MJ/kg 23 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

180 L/kg 21 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

38

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

130 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

620 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

15 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

25 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

23 points

Thermal Diffusivity

4.3 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

19 points

Alloy Composition

Among wrought stainless steels, the composition of S32506 stainless steel is notable for including tungsten (W) and containing a comparatively high amount of chromium (Cr). Tungsten interacts with other alloying elements to a greater extent than usual, which makes it hard to broadly characterize its effects. Chromium is the defining alloying element of stainless steel. Higher chromium content imparts additional corrosion resistance.

Iron (Fe) 60.8 to 67.4
Chromium (Cr) 24 to 26
Nickel (Ni) 5.5 to 7.2
Molybdenum (Mo) 3.0 to 3.5
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 1.0
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.9
Tungsten (W) 0.050 to 0.3
Nitrogen (N) 0.080 to 0.2
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.040
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.030
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.015

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

Duplex Stainless Steels, Iris Alvarez-Armas and Suzanne Degallaix-Moreuil (editors), 2009

Duplex Stainless Steels: Microstructure, Properties and Applications, Robert N. Gunn (editor), 1997

ASTM A182: Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service

ASTM A240: Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications

Welding Metallurgy and Weldability of Stainless Steels, John C. Lippold and Damian J. Kotecki, 2005

Corrosion of Stainless Steels, A. John Sedriks, 1996

ASM Specialty Handbook: Stainless Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1994

Advances in Stainless Steels, Baldev Raj et al. (editors), 2010

CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, 4th ed., James F. Shackelford et al. (editors), 2015