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Warm Worked Dispersion Strengthened Co-28Cr-6Mo Alloy

Warm worked R31539 cobalt is R31539 cobalt in the warm worked condition. It has the highest strength and lowest ductility compared to the other variants of R31539 cobalt. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare warm worked R31539 cobalt to other cobalt alloys (top) and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

220 GPa 32 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

13 %

Fatigue Strength

480 MPa 70 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Reduction in Area

14 %

Rockwell C Hardness

35

Shear Modulus

86 GPa 13 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

1340 MPa 190 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

940 MPa 140 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

320 J/g

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1360 °C 2470 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1290 °C 2350 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

450 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

13 W/m-K 7.6 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

13 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.0 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

2.1 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Density

8.4 g/cm3 520 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

8.2 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

110 MJ/kg 46 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

530 L/kg 64 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

160 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

2000 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

15 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

44 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

32 points

Thermal Diffusivity

3.5 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

32 points

Alloy Composition

Cobalt (Co) 57.7 to 68.7
Chromium (Cr) 26 to 30
Molybdenum (Mo) 5.0 to 7.0
Aluminum (Al) 0.3 to 1.0
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 1.0
Silicon (Si) 0 to 1.0
Nickel (Ni) 0 to 1.0
Iron (Fe) 0 to 0.75
Nitrogen (N) 0 to 0.25
Lanthanum (La) 0.030 to 0.2
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.14

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Further Reading

ASTM F1537: Standard Specification for Wrought Cobalt-28Chromium-6Molybdenum Alloys for Surgical Implants (UNS R31537, UNS R31538, and UNS R31539)

ASTM F799: Standard Specification for Cobalt-28Chromium-6Molybdenum Alloy Forgings for Surgical Implants (UNS R31537, R31538, R31539)

CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, 4th ed., James F. Shackelford et al. (editors), 2015