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Zinc-Lead-Manganese Rolled Zinc Alloy (Z24311)

Z24311 zinc is an otherwise-unclassified alloy of zinc. It is typically furnished in the as-fabricated (no temper or treatment) condition. It has the highest ductility among zinc alloys. In addition, it has a moderately low heat capacity and a fairly low tensile strength. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare Z24311 zinc to other zinc alloys (top) and the entire database (bottom).

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

87 GPa 13 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

63 %

Poisson's Ratio


Shear Modulus

35 GPa 5.0 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

140 MPa 21 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

410 °C 770 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

400 °C 740 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

390 J/kg-K 0.093 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Expansion

26 µm/m-K

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

11 % relative


6.6 g/cm3 410 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

2.8 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

53 MJ/kg 23 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

340 L/kg 41 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

7.4 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

23 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

6.1 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

9.3 points

Thermal Shock Resistance

4.6 points

Alloy Composition

Zinc (Zn) 99.862 to 100
Lead (Pb) 0.030 to 0.080
Titanium (Ti) 0 to 0.020
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 0.015
Iron (Fe) 0 to 0.010
Copper (Cu) 0 to 0.0050
Cadmium (Cd) 0 to 0.0050
Aluminum (Al) 0 to 0.0020
Magnesium (Mg) 0 to 0.0015

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

ASTM B69: Standard Specification for Rolled Zinc