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2014 Aluminum vs. 5182 Aluminum

Both 2014 aluminum and 5182 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a moderately high 94% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 2014 aluminum and the bottom bar is 5182 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 72
68
Elongation at Break, % 1.5 to 16
1.1 to 12
Fatigue Strength, MPa 90 to 160
100 to 130
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
25
Shear Strength, MPa 130 to 290
170 to 240
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 190 to 500
280 to 420
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 100 to 440
130 to 360

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
390
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 210
180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 630
640
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 510
590
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 870
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 150
130
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 23
24

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 40
28
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
94

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 11
9.5
Density, g/cm3 3.0
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.1
8.9
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1130
1180

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 6.6 to 56
2.6 to 49
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 76 to 1330
120 to 950
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 46
51
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 18 to 46
29 to 44
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 25 to 46
36 to 47
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
53
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 8.4 to 22
12 to 19

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 90.4 to 95
93.2 to 95.8
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.1
Copper (Cu), % 3.9 to 5.0
0 to 0.15
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.7
0 to 0.35
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.2 to 0.8
4.0 to 5.0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.4 to 1.2
0.2 to 0.5
Silicon (Si), % 0.5 to 1.2
0 to 0.2
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.1
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.25
Zirconium (Zr), % 0 to 0.2
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15

Comparable Variants