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3003 Aluminum vs. 3004 Aluminum

Both 3003 aluminum and 3004 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 99% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 3003 aluminum and the bottom bar is 3004 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 28 to 65
45 to 83
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 70
70
Elongation at Break, % 1.1 to 28
1.1 to 19
Fatigue Strength, MPa 39 to 90
55 to 120
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
26
Shear Strength, MPa 68 to 130
100 to 180
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 110 to 240
170 to 310
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 40 to 210
68 to 270

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 650
650
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 640
630
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 180
160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 23
24

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 44
42
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
140

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Calomel Potential, mV -740
-750
Density, g/cm3 2.8
2.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.1
8.3
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1180
1180

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 0.95 to 63
3.2 to 27
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 11 to 300
33 to 540
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
50
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 11 to 24
18 to 31
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 18 to 30
25 to 37
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 71
65
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 4.7 to 10
7.6 to 13

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 96.8 to 99
95.6 to 98.2
Copper (Cu), % 0.050 to 0.2
0 to 0.25
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.7
0 to 0.7
Magnesium (Mg), % 0
0.8 to 1.3
Manganese (Mn), % 1.0 to 1.5
1.0 to 1.5
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.6
0 to 0.3
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.25
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15

Comparable Variants