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356.0 Aluminum vs. 4004 Aluminum

Both 356.0 aluminum and 4004 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 96% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (4, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 356.0 aluminum and the bottom bar is 4004 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 70
71
Elongation at Break, % 2.0 to 3.8
2.4
Fatigue Strength, MPa 55 to 75
42
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
27
Shear Strength, MPa 140 to 190
63
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 160 to 240
110
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 100 to 190
60

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 500
540
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 620
600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 570
560
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
910
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 150 to 170
130
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 21
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 40 to 43
33
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140 to 150
120

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.6
2.6
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.0
8.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1110
1070

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 3.2 to 8.2
2.3
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 70 to 250
25
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 53
54
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 17 to 26
12
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 25 to 33
20
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 64 to 71
58
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 7.6 to 11
5.1

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 90.1 to 93.3
86 to 90
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.25
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.6
0 to 0.8
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.2 to 0.45
1.0 to 2.0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.35
0 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 6.5 to 7.5
9.0 to 10.5
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.25
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.35
0 to 0.2
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15