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4147 Aluminum vs. EN-MC32110 Magnesium

4147 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while EN-MC32110 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 4147 aluminum and the bottom bar is EN-MC32110 magnesium.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 72
49
Elongation at Break, % 3.3
2.2
Fatigue Strength, MPa 42
80
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.29
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
19
Shear Strength, MPa 63
120
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 110
220
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 59
140

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 570
330
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 160
99
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 580
600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 560
500
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
950
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
120
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 21
26

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 33
32
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
140

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
13
Density, g/cm3 2.5
2.1
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.7
22
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 140
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1050
920

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 3.1
4.3
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 24
210
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 16
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 55
58
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 12
29
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 20
38
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
58
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 5.2
12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 85 to 88.9
0 to 0.2
Beryllium (Be), % 0 to 0.00030
0
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.25
2.4 to 3.0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.8
0 to 0.050
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.1 to 0.5
89.3 to 91.9
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0.25 to 0.75
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.010
Silicon (Si), % 11 to 13
0 to 0.2
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.2
5.5 to 6.5
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.010