MakeItFrom.com
Menu (ESC)

5182 Aluminum vs. 3104 Aluminum

Both 5182 aluminum and 3104 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 97% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5182 aluminum and the bottom bar is 3104 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
70
Elongation at Break, % 1.1 to 12
1.1 to 20
Fatigue Strength, MPa 100 to 130
74 to 130
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 25
26
Shear Strength, MPa 170 to 240
110 to 180
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 280 to 420
170 to 310
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 130 to 360
68 to 270

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 390
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
650
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 590
600
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 28
41
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 94
130

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.9
8.4
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1180
1180

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.6 to 49
1.6 to 60
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 120 to 950
34 to 540
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 51
50
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29 to 44
17 to 31
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 36 to 47
25 to 37
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 53
64
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12 to 19
7.6 to 13

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 93.2 to 95.8
95.1 to 98.4
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.15
0.050 to 0.25
Gallium (Ga), % 0
0 to 0.050
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.35
0 to 0.8
Magnesium (Mg), % 4.0 to 5.0
0.8 to 1.3
Manganese (Mn), % 0.2 to 0.5
0.8 to 1.4
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.6
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.1
Vanadium (V), % 0
0 to 0.050
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.25
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15

Comparable Variants