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5251 Aluminum vs. 333.0 Aluminum

Both 5251 aluminum and 333.0 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have 87% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5251 aluminum and the bottom bar is 333.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 44 to 79
90 to 110
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
73
Elongation at Break, % 2.0 to 19
1.0 to 2.0
Fatigue Strength, MPa 59 to 110
83 to 100
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
28
Shear Strength, MPa 110 to 160
190 to 230
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 180 to 280
230 to 280
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 67 to 250
130 to 210

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
520
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 650
590
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 610
530
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
880
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 150
100 to 140
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
21

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 37
26 to 35
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
83 to 110

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
10
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.5
7.6
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
140
Embodied Water, L/kg 1180
1040

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 5.4 to 27
2.1 to 4.6
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 33 to 450
120 to 290
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
49
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 18 to 29
22 to 27
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 26 to 35
29 to 34
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 61
42 to 57
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 7.9 to 13
11 to 13

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 95.5 to 98.2
81.8 to 89
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.15
0
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.15
3.0 to 4.0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.5
0 to 1.0
Magnesium (Mg), % 1.7 to 2.4
0.050 to 0.5
Manganese (Mn), % 0.1 to 0.5
0 to 0.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.5
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.4
8.0 to 10
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.25
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.15
0 to 1.0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.5

Comparable Variants