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5251 Aluminum vs. 413.0 Aluminum

Both 5251 aluminum and 413.0 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have 87% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5251 aluminum and the bottom bar is 413.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 44 to 79
80
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
73
Elongation at Break, % 2.0 to 19
2.5
Fatigue Strength, MPa 59 to 110
130
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
28
Shear Strength, MPa 110 to 160
170
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 180 to 280
270
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 67 to 250
140

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
570
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 650
590
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 610
580
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 150
140
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
20

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 37
35
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
120

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.6
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.5
7.6
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
140
Embodied Water, L/kg 1180
1040

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 5.4 to 27
5.7
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 33 to 450
130
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
16
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
53
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 18 to 29
29
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 26 to 35
36
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 61
59
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 7.9 to 13
13

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 95.5 to 98.2
82.2 to 89
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.15
0
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.15
0 to 1.0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.5
0 to 2.0
Magnesium (Mg), % 1.7 to 2.4
0 to 0.1
Manganese (Mn), % 0.1 to 0.5
0 to 0.35
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.5
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.4
11 to 13
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.15
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.15
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.5
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.25