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5383 Aluminum vs. 4104 Aluminum

Both 5383 aluminum and 4104 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have 90% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (3, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5383 aluminum and the bottom bar is 4104 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
71
Elongation at Break, % 6.7 to 15
2.4
Fatigue Strength, MPa 130 to 200
42
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
27
Shear Strength, MPa 190 to 220
63
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 310 to 370
110
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 150 to 310
60

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 390
540
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 200
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 650
600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 540
560
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
130
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 29
33
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 97
120

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.6
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 9.0
8.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1170
1080

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 23 to 40
2.3
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 170 to 690
25
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
54
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 32 to 38
12
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38 to 42
20
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 51
58
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 14 to 16
5.1

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 92 to 95.3
85.8 to 90
Bismuth (Bi), % 0
0.020 to 0.2
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.25
0
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.25
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.8
Magnesium (Mg), % 4.0 to 5.2
1.0 to 2.0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.7 to 1.0
0 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.25
9.0 to 10.5
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.15
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.2
Zirconium (Zr), % 0 to 0.2
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15