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5657 Aluminum vs. 3104 Aluminum

Both 5657 aluminum and 3104 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 98% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5657 aluminum and the bottom bar is 3104 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
70
Elongation at Break, % 6.6 to 15
1.1 to 20
Fatigue Strength, MPa 74 to 88
74 to 130
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
26
Shear Strength, MPa 92 to 110
110 to 180
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 150 to 200
170 to 310
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140 to 170
68 to 270

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 660
650
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 640
600
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 210
160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 54
41
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 180
130

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.4
8.4
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1200
1180

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 9.7 to 27
1.6 to 60
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 140 to 200
34 to 540
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
50
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 15 to 20
17 to 31
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 23 to 28
25 to 37
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 84
64
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 6.7 to 8.6
7.6 to 13

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 98.5 to 99.4
95.1 to 98.4
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.1
0.050 to 0.25
Gallium (Ga), % 0 to 0.030
0 to 0.050
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.8
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.6 to 1.0
0.8 to 1.3
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.030
0.8 to 1.4
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.080
0 to 0.6
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.1
Vanadium (V), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.050
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.25
Residuals, % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.15

Comparable Variants