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6110 Aluminum vs. Grade 12 Titanium

6110 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while grade 12 titanium belongs to the titanium alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 6110 aluminum and the bottom bar is grade 12 titanium.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 70
110
Elongation at Break, % 2.2
21
Fatigue Strength, MPa 120
280
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
39
Shear Strength, MPa 290
330
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 500
530
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 500
410

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 410
420
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
320
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
1660
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 600
1610
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
540
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 170
21
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 23
9.6

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 42
3.3
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
6.6

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
37
Density, g/cm3 2.8
4.5
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.2
31
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
500
Embodied Water, L/kg 1170
110

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 11
110
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 1770
770
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
35
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 51
32
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 51
32
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 67
8.5
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 22
37

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 94.4 to 98.4
0
Carbon (C), % 0
0 to 0.080
Chromium (Cr), % 0.040 to 0.25
0
Copper (Cu), % 0.2 to 0.7
0
Hydrogen (H), % 0
0 to 0.015
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.8
0 to 0.3
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.5 to 1.1
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.2 to 0.7
0
Molybdenum (Mo), % 0
0.2 to 0.4
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0.6 to 0.9
Nitrogen (N), % 0
0 to 0.030
Oxygen (O), % 0
0 to 0.25
Silicon (Si), % 0.7 to 1.5
0
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.15
97.6 to 99.2
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.3
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.4