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6110 Aluminum vs. Grade 23 Titanium

6110 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while grade 23 titanium belongs to the titanium alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 6110 aluminum and the bottom bar is grade 23 titanium.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 70
110
Elongation at Break, % 2.2
6.7 to 11
Fatigue Strength, MPa 120
470 to 500
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
40
Shear Strength, MPa 290
540 to 570
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 500
930 to 940
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 500
850 to 870

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 410
410
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
340
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
1610
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 600
1560
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
560
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 170
7.1
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 23
9.4

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 42
1.0
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
2.0

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
36
Density, g/cm3 2.8
4.4
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.2
38
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
610
Embodied Water, L/kg 1170
200

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 11
61 to 100
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 1770
3430 to 3560
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
35
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 51
58 to 59
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 51
48
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 67
2.9
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 22
67 to 68

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 94.4 to 98.4
5.5 to 6.5
Carbon (C), % 0
0 to 0.080
Chromium (Cr), % 0.040 to 0.25
0
Copper (Cu), % 0.2 to 0.7
0
Hydrogen (H), % 0
0 to 0.013
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.8
0 to 0.25
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.5 to 1.1
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.2 to 0.7
0
Nitrogen (N), % 0
0 to 0.030
Oxygen (O), % 0
0 to 0.13
Silicon (Si), % 0.7 to 1.5
0
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.15
88.1 to 91
Vanadium (V), % 0
3.5 to 4.5
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.3
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.4