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EN-MC32110 Magnesium vs. EN AC-46500 Aluminum

EN-MC32110 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while EN AC-46500 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN-MC32110 magnesium and the bottom bar is EN AC-46500 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 60
91
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 49
74
Elongation at Break, % 2.2
1.0
Fatigue Strength, MPa 80
110
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 19
28
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 220
270
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140
160

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 330
520
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 99
180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
610
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 500
520
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 950
880
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 120
100
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 26
21

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 32
26
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
81

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 13
10
Density, g/cm3 2.1
2.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 22
7.6
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
140
Embodied Water, L/kg 920
1030

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 4.3
2.3
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 210
170
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 58
49
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29
26
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38
32
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
41
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12
12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0 to 0.2
77.9 to 90
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0 to 0.15
Copper (Cu), % 2.4 to 3.0
2.0 to 4.0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 1.3
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.35
Magnesium (Mg), % 89.3 to 91.9
0.050 to 0.55
Manganese (Mn), % 0.25 to 0.75
0 to 0.55
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.55
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
8.0 to 11
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.15
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.25
Zinc (Zn), % 5.5 to 6.5
0 to 3.0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.25