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EN-MC35110 Magnesium vs. 1085 Aluminum

EN-MC35110 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while 1085 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN-MC35110 magnesium and the bottom bar is 1085 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 45
68
Elongation at Break, % 3.1
4.5 to 39
Fatigue Strength, MPa 110
22 to 49
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 18
26
Shear Strength, MPa 130
48 to 79
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 230
73 to 140
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 150
17 to 120

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 330
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 140
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
640
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 520
640
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 970
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 110
230
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 26
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 27
61
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 130
200

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 18
9.5
Density, g/cm3 1.9
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 24
8.3
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 170
160
Embodied Water, L/kg 940
1200

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 6.3
4.8 to 21
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 260
2.1 to 110
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 63
50
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 34
7.5 to 14
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 44
14 to 22
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 61
94
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 14
3.3 to 6.1

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0
99.85 to 100
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.030
0 to 0.030
Gallium (Ga), % 0
0 to 0.030
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.12
Magnesium (Mg), % 92 to 95.4
0 to 0.020
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.020
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.0050
0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.1
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.020
Unspecified Rare Earths, % 0.75 to 1.8
0
Vanadium (V), % 0
0 to 0.050
Zinc (Zn), % 3.5 to 5.0
0 to 0.030
Zirconium (Zr), % 0.4 to 1.0
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.010