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Grade 24 Titanium vs. 2014A Aluminum

Grade 24 titanium belongs to the titanium alloys classification, while 2014A aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is grade 24 titanium and the bottom bar is 2014A aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
72
Elongation at Break, % 11
6.2 to 16
Fatigue Strength, MPa 550
93 to 150
Poisson's Ratio 0.32
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 40
27
Shear Strength, MPa 610
130 to 290
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 1010
210 to 490
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 940
110 to 430

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 410
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 340
210
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1610
640
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1560
510
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 560
870
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 7.1
150
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 9.6
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 1.0
37
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 2.0
110

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Density, g/cm3 4.5
3.0
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 43
8.1
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 710
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 310
1140

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 110
24 to 49
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 4160
85 to 1300
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 35
46
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 63
19 to 45
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 50
26 to 46
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 2.9
55
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 72
9.0 to 22

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 5.5 to 6.8
90.8 to 95
Carbon (C), % 0 to 0.080
0
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0 to 0.1
Copper (Cu), % 0
3.9 to 5.0
Hydrogen (H), % 0 to 0.015
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.5
Magnesium (Mg), % 0
0.2 to 0.8
Manganese (Mn), % 0
0.4 to 1.2
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.1
Nitrogen (N), % 0 to 0.050
0
Oxygen (O), % 0 to 0.2
0
Palladium (Pd), % 0.040 to 0.080
0
Silicon (Si), % 0
0.5 to 0.9
Titanium (Ti), % 87.5 to 91
0 to 0.15
Vanadium (V), % 3.5 to 4.5
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0
0 to 0.25
Zirconium (Zr), % 0
0 to 0.2
Residuals, % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.15