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Grade 24 Titanium vs. 2036 Aluminum

Grade 24 titanium belongs to the titanium alloys classification, while 2036 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is grade 24 titanium and the bottom bar is 2036 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
70
Elongation at Break, % 11
24
Fatigue Strength, MPa 550
130
Poisson's Ratio 0.32
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 40
26
Shear Strength, MPa 610
210
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 1010
340
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 940
200

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 410
390
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 340
190
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1610
650
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1560
560
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 560
890
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 7.1
160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 9.6
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 1.0
41
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 2.0
130

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Density, g/cm3 4.5
2.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 43
8.1
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 710
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 310
1160

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 110
70
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 4160
270
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 35
48
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 63
33
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 50
38
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 2.9
62
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 72
15

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 5.5 to 6.8
94.4 to 97.4
Carbon (C), % 0 to 0.080
0
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0 to 0.1
Copper (Cu), % 0
2.2 to 3.0
Hydrogen (H), % 0 to 0.015
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.5
Magnesium (Mg), % 0
0.3 to 0.6
Manganese (Mn), % 0
0.1 to 0.4
Nitrogen (N), % 0 to 0.050
0
Oxygen (O), % 0 to 0.2
0
Palladium (Pd), % 0.040 to 0.080
0
Silicon (Si), % 0
0 to 0.5
Titanium (Ti), % 87.5 to 91
0 to 0.15
Vanadium (V), % 3.5 to 4.5
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0
0 to 0.25
Residuals, % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.15