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Grade 24 Titanium vs. 296.0 Aluminum

Grade 24 titanium belongs to the titanium alloys classification, while 296.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 28 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (4, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is grade 24 titanium and the bottom bar is 296.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
72
Elongation at Break, % 11
3.2 to 7.1
Fatigue Strength, MPa 550
47 to 70
Poisson's Ratio 0.32
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 40
27
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 1010
260 to 270
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 940
120 to 180

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 410
420
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 340
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1610
630
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1560
540
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 560
870
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 7.1
130 to 150
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 9.6
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 1.0
33 to 37
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 2.0
99 to 110

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Density, g/cm3 4.5
3.0
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 43
7.8
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 710
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 310
1110

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 110
7.6 to 15
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 4160
110 to 220
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 35
46
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 63
24 to 25
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 50
30 to 31
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 2.9
51 to 56
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 72
12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 5.5 to 6.8
89 to 94
Carbon (C), % 0 to 0.080
0
Copper (Cu), % 0
4.0 to 5.0
Hydrogen (H), % 0 to 0.015
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.4
0 to 1.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 0
0 to 0.050
Manganese (Mn), % 0
0 to 0.35
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.35
Nitrogen (N), % 0 to 0.050
0
Oxygen (O), % 0 to 0.2
0
Palladium (Pd), % 0.040 to 0.080
0
Silicon (Si), % 0
2.0 to 3.0
Titanium (Ti), % 87.5 to 91
0 to 0.25
Vanadium (V), % 3.5 to 4.5
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0
0 to 0.5
Residuals, % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.35