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Grade 24 Titanium vs. 4032 Aluminum

Grade 24 titanium belongs to the titanium alloys classification, while 4032 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (3, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is grade 24 titanium and the bottom bar is 4032 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
73
Elongation at Break, % 11
6.7
Fatigue Strength, MPa 550
110
Poisson's Ratio 0.32
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 40
28
Shear Strength, MPa 610
260
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 1010
390
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 940
320

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 410
570
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 340
180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1610
570
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1560
530
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 560
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 7.1
140
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 9.6
19

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 1.0
34
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 2.0
120

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Density, g/cm3 4.5
2.6
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 43
7.8
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 710
140
Embodied Water, L/kg 310
1030

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 110
25
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 4160
700
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 35
53
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 63
41
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 50
45
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 2.9
59
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 72
20

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 5.5 to 6.8
81.1 to 87.2
Carbon (C), % 0 to 0.080
0
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0 to 0.1
Copper (Cu), % 0
0.5 to 1.3
Hydrogen (H), % 0 to 0.015
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.4
0 to 1.0
Magnesium (Mg), % 0
0.8 to 1.3
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0.5 to 1.3
Nitrogen (N), % 0 to 0.050
0
Oxygen (O), % 0 to 0.2
0
Palladium (Pd), % 0.040 to 0.080
0
Silicon (Si), % 0
11 to 13.5
Titanium (Ti), % 87.5 to 91
0
Vanadium (V), % 3.5 to 4.5
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0
0 to 0.25
Residuals, % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.15