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Grade 24 Titanium vs. EN AC-46000 Aluminum

Grade 24 titanium belongs to the titanium alloys classification, while EN AC-46000 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 28 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (4, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is grade 24 titanium and the bottom bar is EN AC-46000 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
73
Elongation at Break, % 11
1.0
Fatigue Strength, MPa 550
110
Poisson's Ratio 0.32
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 40
28
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 1010
270
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 940
160

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 410
530
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 340
180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1610
620
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1560
530
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 560
880
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 7.1
100
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 9.6
21

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 1.0
26
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 2.0
82

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Density, g/cm3 4.5
2.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 43
7.6
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 710
140
Embodied Water, L/kg 310
1040

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 110
2.3
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 4160
170
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 35
49
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 63
26
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 50
33
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 2.9
42
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 72
12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 5.5 to 6.8
79.7 to 90
Carbon (C), % 0 to 0.080
0
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0 to 0.15
Copper (Cu), % 0
2.0 to 4.0
Hydrogen (H), % 0 to 0.015
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.4
0 to 1.3
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.35
Magnesium (Mg), % 0
0.050 to 0.55
Manganese (Mn), % 0
0 to 0.55
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.55
Nitrogen (N), % 0 to 0.050
0
Oxygen (O), % 0 to 0.2
0
Palladium (Pd), % 0.040 to 0.080
0
Silicon (Si), % 0
8.0 to 11
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.15
Titanium (Ti), % 87.5 to 91
0 to 0.25
Vanadium (V), % 3.5 to 4.5
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0
0 to 1.2
Residuals, % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.25