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Grade 31 Titanium vs. C51000 Bronze

Grade 31 titanium belongs to the titanium alloys classification, while C51000 bronze belongs to the copper alloys. There are 28 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (5, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is grade 31 titanium and the bottom bar is C51000 bronze.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
110
Elongation at Break, % 20
2.7 to 64
Poisson's Ratio 0.32
0.34
Shear Modulus, GPa 41
42
Shear Strength, MPa 320
250 to 460
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 510
330 to 780
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 450
130 to 750

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 420
200
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 320
190
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1660
1050
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1610
960
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 540
380
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 21
77
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 8.7
18

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 3.4
18
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 6.9
18

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Density, g/cm3 4.5
8.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 36
3.1
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 600
50
Embodied Water, L/kg 230
350

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 99
7.0 to 490
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 940
75 to 2490
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
7.0
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 35
18
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 32
10 to 25
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 32
12 to 21
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 8.5
23
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 39
12 to 28

Alloy Composition

Carbon (C), % 0 to 0.080
0
Cobalt (Co), % 0.2 to 0.8
0
Copper (Cu), % 0
92.9 to 95.5
Hydrogen (H), % 0 to 0.015
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.3
0 to 0.1
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.050
Nitrogen (N), % 0 to 0.050
0
Oxygen (O), % 0 to 0.35
0
Palladium (Pd), % 0.040 to 0.080
0
Phosphorus (P), % 0
0.030 to 0.35
Tin (Sn), % 0
4.5 to 5.8
Titanium (Ti), % 97.9 to 99.76
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0
0 to 0.3
Residuals, % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.5