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C86300 Bronze vs. 2014 Aluminum

C86300 bronze belongs to the copper alloys classification, while 2014 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 28 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (4, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is C86300 bronze and the bottom bar is 2014 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
72
Elongation at Break, % 14
1.5 to 16
Poisson's Ratio 0.32
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 42
27
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 850
190 to 500
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 480
100 to 440

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 200
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 160
210
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 920
630
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 890
510
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 420
870
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 35
150
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 20
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 8.0
40
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 9.2
120

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 23
11
Density, g/cm3 7.8
3.0
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 3.0
8.1
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 51
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 360
1130

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 100
6.6 to 56
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 1030
76 to 1330
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 7.8
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 20
46
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 30
18 to 46
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 25
25 to 46
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 11
58
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 28
8.4 to 22

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 5.0 to 7.5
90.4 to 95
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0 to 0.1
Copper (Cu), % 60 to 66
3.9 to 5.0
Iron (Fe), % 2.0 to 4.0
0 to 0.7
Lead (Pb), % 0 to 0.2
0
Magnesium (Mg), % 0
0.2 to 0.8
Manganese (Mn), % 2.5 to 5.0
0.4 to 1.2
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 1.0
0
Silicon (Si), % 0
0.5 to 1.2
Tin (Sn), % 0 to 0.2
0
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.15
Zinc (Zn), % 22 to 28
0 to 0.25
Zirconium (Zr), % 0
0 to 0.2
Residuals, % 0 to 1.0
0 to 0.15