# Annealed S45000 Stainless Steel

Annealed S45000 stainless steel is S45000 stainless steel in the annealed condition. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare annealed S45000 stainless steel to: wrought precipitation-hardening stainless steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

280

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

200 *GPa* 28 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

11 *%*

Fatigue Strength

400 *MPa* 58 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Poisson's Ratio

0.28

Reduction in Area

45 *%*

Rockwell C Hardness

28

Shear Modulus

76 *GPa* 11 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

590 *MPa* 85 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

980 *MPa* 140 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

730 *MPa* 110 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

280 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Corrosion

400 *°C* 750 *°F*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

840 *°C* 1550 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1440 *°C* 2620 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1390 *°C* 2540 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

480 *J/kg-K* 0.11 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

17 *W/m-K* 9.6 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

11 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.2 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

2.5 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

13 *% relative*

Density

7.8 *g/cm ^{3}* 490

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

2.8 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

39 *MJ/kg* 17 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

130 *L/kg* 15 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

17

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

100 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

1380 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

35 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

28 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

4.5 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

33 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Fe | 72.1 to 79.3 | |

Cr | 14 to 16 | |

Ni | 5.0 to 7.0 | |

Cu | 1.3 to 1.8 | |

Mo | 0.5 to 1.0 | |

Mn | 0 to 1.0 | |

Si | 0 to 1.0 | |

C | 0 to 0.050 | |

P | 0 to 0.040 | |

S | 0 to 0.030 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Further Reading

ASTM A564: Standard Specification for Hot-Rolled and Cold-Finished Age-Hardening Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes

Welding Metallurgy and Weldability of Stainless Steels, John C. Lippold and Damian J. Kotecki, 2005

ASTM A959: Standard Guide for Specifying Harmonized Standard Grade Compositions for Wrought Stainless Steels

Corrosion of Stainless Steels, A. John Sedriks, 1996

ASM Specialty Handbook: Stainless Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1994

Advances in Stainless Steels, Baldev Raj et al. (editors), 2010