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EN 1.4832 (GX25CrNiSi20-14) Cast Stainless Steel

EN 1.4832 stainless steel is an austenitic stainless steel formulated for casting. Cited properties are appropriate for the as-fabricated (no temper or treatment) condition. 1.4832 is the EN numeric designation for this material. GX25CrNiSi20-14 is the EN chemical designation.

It has a moderately low embodied energy and a moderately low ductility among cast austenitic stainless steels.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare EN 1.4832 stainless steel to: cast austenitic stainless steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

150

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

200 GPa 29 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

11 %

Fatigue Strength

140 MPa 20 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.28

Shear Modulus

77 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

510 MPa 74 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

260 MPa 37 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

310 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Corrosion

420 °C 790 °F

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

950 °C 1740 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1400 °C 2560 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1360 °C 2480 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

480 J/kg-K 0.12 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

14 W/m-K 8.1 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

16 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.1 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

2.5 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

19 % relative

Density

7.8 g/cm3 480 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

3.6 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

51 MJ/kg 22 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

160 L/kg 19 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

21

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

48 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

170 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

18 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

18 points

Thermal Diffusivity

3.7 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

12 points

Alloy Composition

Among cast stainless steels, the composition of EN 1.4832 stainless steel is notable for containing comparatively high amounts of silicon (Si) and nickel (Ni). Silicon content is typically governed by metallurgical processing concerns, but it can also be added for the purpose of improving oxidation resistance. Nickel is primarily used to achieve a specific microstructure. In addition, it has a beneficial effect on mechanical properties and certain types of corrosion.

Iron (Fe) 58.6 to 67.4
Chromium (Cr) 19 to 21
Nickel (Ni) 13 to 15
Silicon (Si) 0.5 to 2.5
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 2.0
Carbon (C) 0.15 to 0.35
Molybdenum (Mo) 0 to 0.5
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.040
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.030

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

EN 10295: Heat Resistant Steel Castings

Welding Metallurgy of Stainless Steels, Erich Folkhard et al., 2012

Corrosion of Austenitic Stainless Steels: Mechanism, Mitigation and Monitoring, H. S. Khatak and B. Raj (editors), 2002

Austenitic Stainless Steels: Microstructure and Mechanical Properties, P. Marshall, 1984

Corrosion of Stainless Steels, A. John Sedriks, 1996

Advances in Stainless Steels, Baldev Raj et al. (editors), 2010