# Grade 1 (3.7025, R50250) Titanium

Grade 1 titanium is a titanium alloy formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the annealed condition. 3.7025 is the EN numeric designation for this material. R50250 is the UNS number. Additionally, the ASTM designation is Titanium Grade 1.

This material is well established: the Further Reading section below cites a number of published standards, and that list is not necessarily exhaustive.

It has a moderately high electrical conductivity among wrought titaniums. In addition, it has a fairly high ductility and a fairly low tensile strength.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare grade 1 titanium to: wrought titaniums (top), all titanium alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

120

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

110 *GPa* 15 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

28 *%*

Fatigue Strength

170 *MPa* 24 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Poisson's Ratio

0.32

Reduction in Area

36 *%*

Shear Modulus

39 *GPa* 5.6 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

200 *MPa* 29 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

310 *MPa* 45 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

220 *MPa* 32 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

420 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

320 *°C* 600 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1660 *°C* 3020 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1610 *°C* 2930 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

540 *J/kg-K* 0.13 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

20 *W/m-K* 11 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

8.8 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

3.7 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

7.3 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

37 *% relative*

Density

4.5 *g/cm ^{3}* 280

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

31 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

510 *MJ/kg* 220 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

110 *L/kg* 13 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

79 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

230 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

35 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

19 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

23 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

8.2 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

24 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Ti | 99.095 to 100 | |

Fe | 0 to 0.2 | |

O | 0 to 0.18 | |

C | 0 to 0.080 | |

N | 0 to 0.030 | |

H | 0 to 0.015 | |

res. | 0 to 0.4 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Similar Alloys

## Further Reading

ASTM F67: Standard Specification for Unalloyed Titanium, for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R50250, UNS R50400, UNS R50550, UNS R50700)

ISO 5832-2: Implants for surgery - Metallic materials - Part 2: Unalloyed titanium

ASTM B861: Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Seamless Pipe

ASTM B381: Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Forgings

ASTM B265: Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Strip, Sheet, and Plate

ASTM B348: Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Bars and Billets

Titanium and Titanium Alloys: Fundamentals and Applications, Christoph Leyens and Manfred Peters (editors), 2003

Titanium, 2nd ed., G. Lutjering and J. C. Williams, 2007

Sintering of Advanced Materials: Fundamentals and Processes, Zhigang Zak Fang (editor), 2010

Environmental Degradation of Advanced and Traditional Engineering Materials, Lloyd H. Hihara et al., 2014.