# Grade M35-1 (J24135) Cast Nickel

Grade M35-1 nickel is a nickel alloy formulated for casting. Cited properties are appropriate for the as-fabricated (no temper or treatment) condition. M35-1 is the ASTM designation for this material. J24135 is the UNS number.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare grade M35-1 nickel to: cast nickels (top), all nickel alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

160 *GPa* 24 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

28 *%*

Fatigue Strength

130 *MPa* 19 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Poisson's Ratio

0.32

Shear Modulus

62 *GPa* 9.0 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

500 *MPa* 73 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

190 *MPa* 28 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

280 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

900 *°C* 1650 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1280 *°C* 2340 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1240 *°C* 2260 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

430 *J/kg-K* 0.1 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

22 *W/m-K* 13 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

13 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

3.3 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

3.4 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

55 *% relative*

Density

8.8 *g/cm ^{3}* 550

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

8.2 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

120 *MJ/kg* 50 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

250 *L/kg* 30 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

110 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

120 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

10 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

21 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

16 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

16 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

5.7 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

17 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Ni | 59.8 to 74 | |

Cu | 26 to 33 | |

Fe | 0 to 3.5 | |

Mn | 0 to 1.5 | |

Si | 0 to 1.3 | |

Nb | 0 to 0.5 | |

C | 0 to 0.35 | |

P | 0 to 0.030 | |

S | 0 to 0.030 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Similar Alloys

## Further Reading

ASTM A494: Standard Specification for Castings, Nickel and Nickel Alloy

Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys: Traditional and Nontraditional Techniques, Helmi A. Youssef, 2016

Engineering Properties of Nickel and Nickel Alloys, John L. Everhart, 1971

Nickel Alloys, Ulrich Heubner (editor), 1998