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SAE-AISI M44 (T11344) Cobalt High-Speed Steel

SAE-AISI M44 steel is a tool steel. M44 is the designation in both the SAE and AISI systems for this material. T11344 is the UNS number. It has the lowest thermal conductivity among the tool steels in the database.

The properties of SAE-AISI M44 steel include two common variations. This page shows summary ranges across both of them. For more specific values, follow the links immediately below. The graph bars on the material properties cards further below compare SAE-AISI M44 steel to: tool steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

200 GPa 29 x 106 psi

Poisson's Ratio


Shear Modulus

78 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

870 to 2290 MPa 130 to 330 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

270 J/g

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1590 °C 2890 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1540 °C 2800 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

440 J/kg-K 0.1 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

14 W/m-K 7.9 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

12 µm/m-K

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

43 % relative


8.4 g/cm3 530 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

9.9 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

150 MJ/kg 63 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

170 L/kg 20 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)


Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

23 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

28 to 75 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

24 to 46 points

Thermal Diffusivity

3.7 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

27 to 70 points

Alloy Composition

Iron (Fe) 65.3 to 70.6
Cobalt (Co) 11 to 12.3
Molybdenum (Mo) 6.0 to 7.0
Tungsten (W) 5.0 to 5.8
Chromium (Cr) 4.0 to 4.8
Vanadium (V) 1.9 to 2.2
Carbon (C) 1.1 to 1.2
Silicon (Si) 0.3 to 0.55
Manganese (Mn) 0.2 to 0.4
Nickel (Ni) 0 to 0.3
Copper (Cu) 0 to 0.25
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.030
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.030

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

ASTM A600: Standard Specification for Tool Steel High Speed

Tool Steels, 5th ed., George Roberts et al., 1998

Tool Steels: Properties and Performance, Rafael A. Mesquita (editor), 2016

ASM Specialty Handbook: Carbon and Alloy Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1996

CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, 4th ed., James F. Shackelford et al. (editors), 2015