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UNS C34500 Leaded Brass

C34500 brass is a brass formulated for primary forming into wrought products.

The properties of C34500 brass include three common variations. This page shows summary ranges across all of them. For more specific values, follow the links immediately below. The graph bars on the material properties cards further below compare C34500 brass to: wrought brasses (top), all copper alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

100 GPa 15 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

12 to 28 %

Poisson's Ratio

0.31

Shear Modulus

40 GPa 5.7 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

220 to 260 MPa 32 to 38 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

340 to 430 MPa 49 to 62 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

120 to 180 MPa 17 to 26 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

170 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

120 °C 250 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

910 °C 1670 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

890 °C 1630 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

380 J/kg-K 0.091 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

120 W/m-K 67 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

21 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

26 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

29 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

24 % relative

Density

8.2 g/cm3 510 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

2.6 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

45 MJ/kg 19 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

320 L/kg 38 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

42 to 75 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

69 to 160 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

7.1 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

19 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

12 to 15 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

13 to 16 points

Thermal Diffusivity

37 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

11 to 14 points

Alloy Composition

Among wrought copper alloys, the composition of C34500 brass is notable for containing a comparatively high amount of lead (Pb). Lead is used to improve machinability and bearing properties, at the cost of toxicity.

Copper (Cu) 62 to 65
Zinc (Zn) 32 to 36.5
Lead (Pb) 1.5 to 2.5
Iron (Fe) 0 to 0.15
Residuals 0 to 0.4

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

ASTM B453: Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Lead Alloy (Leaded-Brass) Rod, Bar, and Shapes

ASM Specialty Handbook: Copper and Copper Alloys, J. R. Davis (editor), 2001