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UNS S32520 Stainless Steel

S32520 stainless steel is a duplex stainless steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the annealed condition. It has a moderately high tensile strength and a moderately high embodied energy among wrought duplex stainless steels.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare S32520 stainless steel to: wrought duplex stainless steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

270

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

200 GPa 30 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

28 %

Fatigue Strength

460 MPa 66 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.27

Reduction in Area

46 %

Rockwell C Hardness

28

Shear Modulus

80 GPa 12 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

560 MPa 81 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

860 MPa 130 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

630 MPa 91 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

300 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Corrosion

450 °C 840 °F

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

1100 °C 2010 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1440 °C 2630 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1400 °C 2550 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

480 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

15 W/m-K 8.9 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

13 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.2 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

2.5 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

20 % relative

Density

7.8 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

4.0 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

55 MJ/kg 23 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

180 L/kg 22 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

41

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

220 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

960 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

31 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

26 points

Thermal Diffusivity

4.1 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

24 points

Alloy Composition

Among wrought stainless steels, the composition of S32520 stainless steel is notable for containing a comparatively high amount of chromium (Cr) and including copper (Cu). Chromium is the defining alloying element of stainless steel. Higher chromium content imparts additional corrosion resistance. Copper is used to improve resistance to acids, and to improve formability.

Iron (Fe) 57.3 to 66.8
Chromium (Cr) 24 to 26
Nickel (Ni) 5.5 to 8.0
Molybdenum (Mo) 3.0 to 4.0
Copper (Cu) 0.5 to 2.0
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 1.5
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.8
Nitrogen (N) 0.2 to 0.35
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.035
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.030
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.020

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

Duplex Stainless Steels, Iris Alvarez-Armas and Suzanne Degallaix-Moreuil (editors), 2009

Duplex Stainless Steels: Microstructure, Properties and Applications, Robert N. Gunn (editor), 1997

ASTM A182: Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service

ASTM A240: Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications

Welding Metallurgy of Stainless Steels, Erich Folkhard et al., 2012

ASTM A959: Standard Guide for Specifying Harmonized Standard Grade Compositions for Wrought Stainless Steels

Corrosion of Stainless Steels, A. John Sedriks, 1996

ASM Specialty Handbook: Stainless Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1994

Advances in Stainless Steels, Baldev Raj et al. (editors), 2010