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ASTM A356 Grade 8 (J11697) Cast Steel

ASTM A356 grade 8 is an alloy steel formulated for casting. Cited properties are appropriate for the heat treated (HT) condition. ASTM A356 Grade 8 is the ASTM designation for this material. J11697 is the UNS number.

It has a fairly low thermal conductivity and a moderately high embodied energy among cast alloy steels.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare ASTM A356 grade 8 to: cast alloy steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

190

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 GPa 27 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

21 %

Fatigue Strength

270 MPa 39 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Reduction in Area

50 %

Shear Modulus

73 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

630 MPa 91 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

390 MPa 56 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

260 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

440 °C 820 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1470 °C 2670 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1430 °C 2600 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

470 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

38 W/m-K 22 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

13 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.5 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.6 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

3.5 % relative

Density

7.8 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

2.0 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

26 MJ/kg 11 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

55 L/kg 6.6 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

4.7

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

110 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

390 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

22 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

21 points

Thermal Diffusivity

10 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

18 points

Alloy Composition

Among cast alloy steels, the composition of ASTM A356 grade 8 is notable for containing a comparatively high amount of molybdenum (Mo) and including vanadium (V). Molybdenum is used to facilitate tempering. In addition, it offers modest bonuses to a wide range of material properties. Vanadium has a strong hardening effect, but this effect is particularly sensitive to the type of tempering.

Iron (Fe) 95.4 to 97.4
Chromium (Cr) 1.0 to 1.5
Molybdenum (Mo) 0.9 to 1.2
Manganese (Mn) 0.5 to 0.9
Silicon (Si) 0.2 to 0.6
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.2
Vanadium (V) 0.050 to 0.15
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.035
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.030

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

ASTM A356: Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Low Alloy, and Stainless Steel, Heavy-Walled for Steam Turbines