# AWS E80C-Ni2 or E55C-Ni2 Weld Metal

AWS E80C-Ni2 is a weld metal formulated for joining alloy steels. Cited properties are appropriate for the post-weld heat treated (PWHT) condition. It has a very high thermal conductivity and a moderately high ductility among alloy steel welding fillers.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare AWS E80C-Ni2 to: alloy steel welding fillers (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 *GPa* 27 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

27 *%*

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

72 *GPa* 10 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

620 *MPa* 89 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

540 *MPa* 78 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 *J/g*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1450 *°C* 2650 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1410 *°C* 2570 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

470 *J/kg-K* 0.11 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

52 *W/m-K* 30 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

13 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.5 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.6 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

3.3 *% relative*

Density

7.8 *g/cm ^{3}* 490

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

1.6 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

22 *MJ/kg* 9.5 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

51 *L/kg* 6.1 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

160 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

770 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

22 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

21 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

14 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

18 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Fe | 93.8 to 98.3 | |

Ni | 1.8 to 2.8 | |

Mn | 0 to 1.5 | |

Si | 0 to 0.9 | |

Cu | 0 to 0.35 | |

C | 0 to 0.12 | |

S | 0 to 0.030 | |

V | 0 to 0.030 | |

P | 0 to 0.025 | |

res. | 0 to 0.5 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Similar Alloys

## Further Reading

AWS A5.28: Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes and Rods for Gas Shielded Arc Welding

Welding Metallurgy, 2nd ed., Sindo Kou, 2003

CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, 4th ed., James F. Shackelford et al. (editors), 2015