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EN 1.0034 (E195) Non-Alloy Steel

EN 1.0034 steel is a carbon (non-alloy) steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. 1.0034 is the EN numeric designation for this material. E195 is the EN chemical designation.

It has a fairly high thermal conductivity and can have a fairly low tensile strength among wrought carbon or non-alloy steels.

The properties of EN 1.0034 steel include three common variations. This page shows summary ranges across all of them. For more specific values, follow the links immediately below. The graph bars on the material properties cards further below compare EN 1.0034 steel to: wrought carbon or non-alloy steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

97 to 110

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 GPa 27 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

9.0 to 32 %

Fatigue Strength

140 to 170 MPa 20 to 25 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

73 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

220 to 230 MPa 32 to 33 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

340 to 380 MPa 49 to 55 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

180 to 280 MPa 26 to 41 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

400 °C 750 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1460 °C 2670 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1420 °C 2590 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

470 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

53 W/m-K 31 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

12 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.0 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.0 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

1.8 % relative

Density

7.9 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

1.4 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

18 MJ/kg 7.8 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

45 L/kg 5.4 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

31 to 95 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

84 to 210 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

12 to 13 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

14 to 15 points

Thermal Diffusivity

14 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

11 to 12 points

Alloy Composition

Iron (Fe) 98.7 to 100
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 0.7
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.35
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.15
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.045
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.045

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

EN 10296-1: Welded circular steel tubes for mechanical and general engineering purposes - Technical delivery conditions - Part 1: Non-alloy and alloy steel tubes

Carbon Steel Handbook, D. Gandy, 2007

ASM Specialty Handbook: Carbon and Alloy Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1996

Ferrous Materials: Steel and Cast Iron, Hans Berns and Werner Theisen, 2008

Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance, 2nd ed., George Krauss, 2015