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EN 1.4490 (GX2CrNiMoN19-11-2) Cast Stainless Steel

EN 1.4490 stainless steel is a duplex stainless steel formulated for casting. Cited properties are appropriate for the solution annealed (AT) condition. 1.4490 is the EN numeric designation for this material. GX2CrNiMoN19-11-2 is the EN chemical designation.

It has a moderately high ductility and a moderately low tensile strength among cast duplex stainless steels.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare EN 1.4490 stainless steel to: cast duplex stainless steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

200 GPa 29 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

34 %

Fatigue Strength

210 MPa 30 x 103 psi

Impact Strength: V-Notched Charpy

90 J 66 ft-lb

Poisson's Ratio


Shear Modulus

78 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

560 MPa 81 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

260 MPa 38 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

300 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Corrosion

420 °C 790 °F

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

990 °C 1810 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1440 °C 2620 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1390 °C 2540 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

480 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

15 W/m-K 8.8 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

12 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.1 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

2.5 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

19 % relative


7.8 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

3.7 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

52 MJ/kg 22 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

150 L/kg 18 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)


Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

160 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

170 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

20 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

19 points

Thermal Diffusivity

4.1 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

16 points

Alloy Composition

Among cast stainless steels, the composition of EN 1.4490 stainless steel is notable for including nitrogen (N) and containing a comparatively high amount of molybdenum (Mo). Nitrogen has a substantial strengthening effect, but has a complex (frequently negative) relationship with corrosion resistance. Molybdenum is used to facilitate tempering. In addition, it offers modest bonuses to a wide range of material properties.

Iron (Fe) 61.7 to 70.9
Chromium (Cr) 18 to 20
Nickel (Ni) 9.0 to 12
Molybdenum (Mo) 2.0 to 2.5
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 2.0
Silicon (Si) 0 to 1.5
Nitrogen (N) 0.12 to 0.2
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.035
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.030
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.030

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

ISO 11972: Corrosion-resistant cast steels for general applications

ISO 4991: Steel castings for pressure purposes

Duplex Stainless Steels, Iris Alvarez-Armas and Suzanne Degallaix-Moreuil (editors), 2009

Duplex Stainless Steels: Microstructure, Properties and Applications, Robert N. Gunn (editor), 1997

Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys: Traditional and Nontraditional Techniques, Helmi A. Youssef, 2016

Corrosion of Stainless Steels, A. John Sedriks, 1996

Advances in Stainless Steels, Baldev Raj et al. (editors), 2010