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EN 1.4408 (GX5CrNiMo19-11-2) Cast Stainless Steel

EN 1.4408 stainless steel is an austenitic stainless steel formulated for casting. Cited properties are appropriate for the solution annealed (AT) condition. 1.4408 is the EN numeric designation for this material. GX5CrNiMo19-11-2 is the EN chemical designation.

It has a moderately low base cost and a moderately low embodied energy among cast austenitic stainless steels.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare EN 1.4408 stainless steel to: cast austenitic stainless steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

150

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

200 GPa 29 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

34 %

Fatigue Strength

170 MPa 24 x 103 psi

Impact Strength: V-Notched Charpy

67 J 50 ft-lb

Poisson's Ratio

0.28

Shear Modulus

78 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

510 MPa 74 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

210 MPa 31 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

300 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Corrosion

420 °C 790 °F

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

990 °C 1810 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1440 °C 2620 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1390 °C 2540 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

480 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

15 W/m-K 8.4 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

16 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.1 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

2.4 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

18 % relative

Density

7.8 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

3.7 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

52 MJ/kg 22 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

150 L/kg 18 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

26

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

140 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

110 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

18 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

18 points

Thermal Diffusivity

3.9 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

11 points

Alloy Composition

Among cast stainless steels, the composition of EN 1.4408 stainless steel is notable for containing comparatively high amounts of molybdenum (Mo) and nickel (Ni). Molybdenum is used to facilitate tempering. In addition, it offers modest bonuses to a wide range of material properties. Nickel is primarily used to achieve a specific microstructure. In addition, it has a beneficial effect on mechanical properties and certain types of corrosion.

Iron (Fe) 62.4 to 71
Chromium (Cr) 18 to 20
Nickel (Ni) 9.0 to 12
Molybdenum (Mo) 2.0 to 2.5
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 1.5
Silicon (Si) 0 to 1.5
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.070
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.040
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.030

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

ISO 11972: Corrosion-resistant cast steels for general applications

EN 10283: Corrosion resistant steel castings

ISO 4991: Steel castings for pressure purposes

Austenitic Stainless Steels: Microstructure and Mechanical Properties, P. Marshall, 1984

Corrosion of Stainless Steels, A. John Sedriks, 1996

Advances in Stainless Steels, Baldev Raj et al. (editors), 2010