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EN 1.5415 (16Mo3) Steel

EN 1.5415 steel is an alloy steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the normalized condition. 1.5415 is the EN numeric designation for this material. 16Mo3 is the EN chemical designation.

It has a moderately high density among EN wrought alloy steels. In addition, it has a moderately low electrical conductivity and a moderately high thermal conductivity.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare EN 1.5415 steel to: EN wrought alloy steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

150

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 GPa 27 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

24 %

Fatigue Strength

200 MPa 29 x 103 psi

Impact Strength: V-Notched Charpy

36 J 27 ft-lb

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

73 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

320 MPa 47 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

510 MPa 74 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

280 MPa 40 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

410 °C 760 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1460 °C 2670 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1420 °C 2590 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

470 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

49 W/m-K 28 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

13 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.2 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.2 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

2.3 % relative

Density

7.9 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

1.5 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

20 MJ/kg 8.4 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

48 L/kg 5.7 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

100 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

210 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

18 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

18 points

Thermal Diffusivity

13 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

15 points

Alloy Composition

Among alloy steels, the composition of EN 1.5415 steel is notable for including nitrogen (N). Nitrogen has a substantial strengthening effect, but may contribute to strain aging unless the steel is deoxidized with aluminum.

Iron (Fe) 97.3 to 99.23
Manganese (Mn) 0.4 to 0.9
Molybdenum (Mo) 0.25 to 0.35
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.35
Carbon (C) 0.12 to 0.2
Chromium (Cr) 0 to 0.3
Nickel (Ni) 0 to 0.3
Copper (Cu) 0 to 0.3
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.025
Nitrogen (N) 0 to 0.012
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.010

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

EN 10222-2: Steel forgings for pressure purposes - Part 2: Ferritic and martensitic steels with specified elevated temperature properties

EN 10028-2: Flat products made of steels for pressure purposes - Part 2: Non-alloy and alloy steels with specified elevated temperature properties

EN 10216-2: Seamless steel tubes for pressure purposes - Technical delivery conditions - Part 2: Non-alloy and alloy steel tubes with specified elevated temperature properties

Creep-Resistant Steels, Fujio Abe et al. (editors), 2008

Pressure Vessels: External Pressure Technology, 2nd ed., Carl T. F. Ross, 2011

Manufacture and Uses of Alloy Steels, Henry D. Hibbard, 2005

Ferrous Materials: Steel and Cast Iron, Hans Berns and Werner Theisen, 2008

CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, 4th ed., James F. Shackelford et al. (editors), 2015

Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance, 2nd ed., George Krauss, 2015