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SAE-AISI 1006 (G10060) Carbon Steel

SAE-AISI 1006 steel is a carbon (non-alloy) steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. 1006 is the designation in both the SAE and AISI systems for this material. G10060 is the UNS number.

It has a fairly high thermal conductivity among wrought carbon or non-alloy steels. In addition, it has a fairly low electrical conductivity and can have a fairly low tensile strength.

The properties of SAE-AISI 1006 steel include two common variations. This page shows summary ranges across both of them. For more specific values, follow the links immediately below. The graph bars on the material properties cards further below compare SAE-AISI 1006 steel to: wrought carbon or non-alloy steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

94 to 100

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 GPa 27 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

22 to 33 %

Fatigue Strength

140 to 210 MPa 21 to 31 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Reduction in Area

49 to 62 %

Shear Modulus

73 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

230 MPa 33 to 34 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

340 to 370 MPa 50 to 54 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

180 to 300 MPa 26 to 44 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

400 °C 750 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1470 °C 2670 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1430 °C 2600 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

470 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

53 W/m-K 30 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

13 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

6.9 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

7.9 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

1.8 % relative

Density

7.9 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

1.4 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

18 MJ/kg 7.8 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

45 L/kg 5.4 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

75 to 95 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

86 to 240 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

12 to 13 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

14 to 15 points

Thermal Diffusivity

14 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

10 to 11 points

Alloy Composition

Iron (Fe) 99.43 to 99.75
Manganese (Mn) 0.25 to 0.4
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.080
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.050
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.040

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

Cold-Formed Steel Structures to the AISI Specification, Gregory J. Hancock et al., 2001

ASTM A29: Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon and Alloy, Hot-Wrought, General Requirements for

Carbon Steel Handbook, D. Gandy, 2007

ASM Specialty Handbook: Carbon and Alloy Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1996

Ferrous Materials: Steel and Cast Iron, Hans Berns and Werner Theisen, 2008

Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance, 2nd ed., George Krauss, 2015