# SAE-AISI 1005 (G10050) Carbon Steel

SAE-AISI 1005 steel is a carbon (non-alloy) steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the cold worked (strain hardened) condition. 1005 is the designation in both the SAE and AISI systems for this material. G10050 is the UNS number.

It has a fairly high thermal conductivity among wrought carbon or non-alloy steels. In addition, it has a fairly low electrical conductivity and a very low tensile strength.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare SAE-AISI 1005 steel to: wrought carbon or non-alloy steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

95

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 *GPa* 27 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

23 *%*

Fatigue Strength

190 *MPa* 27 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

73 *GPa* 11 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

210 *MPa* 30 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

330 *MPa* 48 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

260 *MPa* 38 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

400 *°C* 750 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1470 *°C* 2670 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1430 *°C* 2600 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

470 *J/kg-K* 0.11 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

53 *W/m-K* 30 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

12 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

6.9 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

7.9 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

1.8 *% relative*

Density

7.9 *g/cm ^{3}* 490

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

1.4 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

18 *MJ/kg* 7.7 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

45 *L/kg* 5.4 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

70 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

180 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

12 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

13 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

14 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

10 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Fe | 99.5 to 100 | |

Mn | 0 to 0.35 | |

C | 0 to 0.060 | |

S | 0 to 0.050 | |

P | 0 to 0.040 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Similar Alloys

## Further Reading

ASTM A29: Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon and Alloy, Hot-Wrought, General Requirements for

Carbon Steel Handbook, D. Gandy, 2007

ASM Specialty Handbook: Carbon and Alloy Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1996

Ferrous Materials: Steel and Cast Iron, Hans Berns and Werner Theisen, 2008

Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance, 2nd ed., George Krauss, 2015