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EN 1.0540 (C50) Non-Alloy Steel

EN 1.0540 steel is a carbon (non-alloy) steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the normalized condition. 1.0540 is the EN numeric designation for this material. C50 is the EN chemical designation.

It has a moderately low thermal conductivity among wrought carbon or non-alloy steels. In addition, it has a moderately low ductility and a moderately high tensile strength.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare EN 1.0540 steel to: wrought carbon or non-alloy steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

190

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 GPa 27 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

14 %

Fatigue Strength

210 MPa 31 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

72 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

400 MPa 58 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

660 MPa 96 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

330 MPa 48 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

400 °C 750 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1460 °C 2650 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1420 °C 2580 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

470 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

48 W/m-K 28 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

12 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.2 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.3 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

2.1 % relative

Density

7.8 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

1.4 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

19 MJ/kg 8.2 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

47 L/kg 5.6 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

75 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

290 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

23 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

22 points

Thermal Diffusivity

13 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

21 points

Alloy Composition

Iron (Fe) 97.2 to 98.9
Manganese (Mn) 0.6 to 0.9
Carbon (C) 0.47 to 0.55
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.4
Chromium (Cr) 0 to 0.4
Nickel (Ni) 0 to 0.4
Molybdenum (Mo) 0 to 0.1
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.045
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.045

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

EN 10250-2: Open die steel forgings for general engineering purposes - Part 2: Non-alloy quality and special steels

Microstructure of Steels and Cast Irons, Madeleine Durand-Charre, 2004

Carbon Steel Handbook, D. Gandy, 2007

Ferrous Materials: Steel and Cast Iron, Hans Berns and Werner Theisen, 2008

Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance, 2nd ed., George Krauss, 2015