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EN 1.4006 (X12Cr13) Stainless Steel

EN 1.4006 stainless steel is a martensitic stainless steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. 1.4006 is the EN numeric designation for this material. X12Cr13 is the EN chemical designation.

It has a moderately low embodied energy among the wrought martensitic stainless steels in the database.

The properties of EN 1.4006 stainless steel include three common variations. This page shows summary ranges across all of them. For more specific values, follow the links immediately below. The graph bars on the material properties cards further below compare EN 1.4006 stainless steel to: wrought martensitic stainless steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 GPa 28 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

16 to 23 %

Fatigue Strength

150 to 300 MPa 22 to 44 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.28

Shear Modulus

76 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

370 to 460 MPa 54 to 67 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

590 to 750 MPa 85 to 110 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

230 to 510 MPa 33 to 74 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

270 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Corrosion

390 °C 730 °F

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

740 °C 1370 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1440 °C 2630 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1400 °C 2550 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

480 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

30 W/m-K 17 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

11 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.9 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

3.3 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

7.0 % relative

Density

7.7 g/cm3 480 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

1.9 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

27 MJ/kg 12 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

100 L/kg 12 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

13

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

99 to 110 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

140 to 660 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

21 to 27 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

20 to 24 points

Thermal Diffusivity

8.1 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

21 to 26 points

Alloy Composition

Among wrought stainless steels, the composition of EN 1.4006 stainless steel is notable for containing comparatively high amounts of chromium (Cr) and manganese (Mn). Chromium is the defining alloying element of stainless steel. Higher chromium content imparts additional corrosion resistance. Manganese is used to improve ductility at elevated temperatures. It also permits a higher nitrogen content than would otherwise be possible.

Iron (Fe) 83.1 to 88.4
Chromium (Cr) 11.5 to 13.5
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 1.5
Silicon (Si) 0 to 1.0
Nickel (Ni) 0 to 0.75
Carbon (C) 0.080 to 0.15
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.040
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.015

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

EN 10272: Stainless steel bars for pressure purposes

EN 10250-4: Open die steel forgings for general engineering purposes - Part 4: Stainless steels

EN 10088-2: Stainless steels - Part 2: Technical delivery conditions for sheet/plate and strip of corrosion resisting steels for general purposes

EN 10088-3: Stainless steels - Part 3: Technical delivery conditions for semi-finished products, bars, rods, wire, sections and bright products of corrosion resisting steels for general purposes

EN 10088-1: Stainless steels - Part 1: List of stainless steels

Corrosion of Stainless Steels, A. John Sedriks, 1996

Advances in Stainless Steels, Baldev Raj et al. (editors), 2010